Labor Management Institute, Inc. publishes the PSS™ Annual Survey of Hours Report© a national benchmark for hospitals now in its 34th year. The PSS™ Annual Survey of Hours Report© was the first national database originally created for nursing.

The survey includes direct, indirect, and total worked hours by unit of service (e.g., HPPD, Visits, Surgical Cases, Deliveries etc.), caregiver to patient ratios (RN, LPN, Nursing Assistants), adverse patient outcomes and length of stay for 95-unit types in 13 service lines for rural, community and teaching hospitals. Additionally, the report includes caregiver to patient ratios multi-year comparisons of 170 workforce management data elements including overtime, agency, travelers hours and dollars usage, non-unit based educators, staffing office and float pool usage, time to fill RN positions by hospital type as well as other data including average cost per inpatient day average length of stay (ALOS) and med errors and med errors with injury and patient falls and falls with injury by unit type. We include comparative tables in each service line section with the hours of care, ratios and adverse event information by unit type.

The Labor Management Institute, Inc. has designed and executed research studies in a variety of areas related to Scheduling, Staffing and Workforce Management.

We include RN specific questions such as age, education and ratios. We include detailed ratios for RNs, LPN/LVNs, NAs, and CNS’ by unit type. Data is collected and reported on for non-unit-based educators in addition to questions on nurse manager span of control and other elements reflective of the 2004 Institute of Medicine’s “Keeping Patients Safe” report recommendations.